January 29th, 2010 - Jens Axboe's blog
Jan. 29th, 2010
02:41 pm - F5100 and IOPS
I finally got everything setup and wired up. The box now has 80 modules installed and I'm using 4 SAS controllers which each connects to two different expanders. The last part is the most problematic, as the 3801 LSI controllers max out at roughly 110K IOPS. That's pretty lame, and I hear the newer controllers do > 300K IOPS which is more reasonable. Not really a huge surprise, I've been calling HBA firmware piggy and slow for years, seems the SSD craze finally got them kicked into gear. But it's a shame, since that leaves 75% of the available IOPS on the floor. I have 2 more controllers coming in (thanks Eric!), so that'll up it a bit, at least.
To test the IOPS rate, I wrote a simple fio job file that does 4K random O_DIRECT reads at depth 32. Initial results were pretty shabby. I got ~200K with a number of devices, adding more made it drop down to ~150K. I was expecting 400K at least, so this was a worry. Some quick profiling didn't show much of interest: some locking overhead, but it is hard to quantify just how much. The test box has 32 cores / 64 threads, which is really nice for testing, but sometimes makes profiling a bit more difficult since the high CPU count has a tendency to mask some issues.
Booting with only 4 CPUs enabled was much better; I got 430K IOPS easily. Interestingly, the rq completion affinity knob (which I've blogged about before, merged in 2.6.29 and enabled by default in 2.6.32) makes a big difference. Disabling that and the IOPS rate drops to ~250K.
Now to find out why we suck at 64 CPUs...
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